The Tribunal of the Brabant Mint in Antwerp - Maerten de Vos - 1594

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The Tribunal of the Brabant Mint in Antwerp

Artist: 
Maerten de Vos
Dated: 
1594
Material : 
oil on panel
Dimensions: 
215.0 cm x 157.0 cm
Inventory number: 
77.4
Museum:
Museum Rockoxhuis
Subcategory:
16th century
Type:
Painting

Maarten de Vos was an important artist who had prepared the way towards the Baroque at the end of the 16th Century. He was deacon of the St. Lucas guild and beginning in 1574, he primarily received commissions from trade organisations and brotherhoods to make monumental paintings for their altars in the Cathedral. As such, he aided in the rebuilding of the Cathedral. He also had focused himself on a descriptive rendering of form from his representative iconography.
The judgment panel was painted in 1594 for the court of the treasury, with the intention of reminding judges and seekers of justice to reflect upon their duties and responsibility.
In the middle stands the female Justitia, the figure of Justice with the scales and sword. She champions over fraud and violence. To the left we see Moses with the tablets of the Law and the emperor Justinian who codified Roman law.
To the right we see the second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius, inspired by his wife, the nymph Egeria. Numa Pompilius promulgates sacred laws.
To the extreme right, forward, the Roman scholar Caius Plinius Secundus is depicted, with his hand resting on the academic books that he has written. Above, the commissioners of the painting stand, who were members of the Serment of the Munt of Brabant.